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Tourism PEI
Little Harbour, fields, trees, water

History & Culture of Prince Edward Island

History & Culture of Prince Edward Island

The history of Prince Edward Island is like a rope made of intertwined strands. Each strand can be traced back to its roots: Indigenous, French, English, Black, Acadian, Irish, Scottish, Lebanese and more. Today, the Island’s culture remains rich and increasingly diverse, and just like the tides, the Island’s story is ever-changing.

An Island with Many Names

Around 5000 years ago, rising sea levels created a new island in the Maritime peninsula. Over the course of its history this island has been known by different names, some of which have been lost over time. Discover how it came to be called Prince Edward Island.

Indigenous Culture

Kwe. Pjila'si. See the beauty of the Island through the eyes of Indigenous people, experience the culture through the beat of the drum, learn traditional craft from an Elder that’s been handed down through generations and expand your perspective on the Mi’kmaq story.


Birthplace of Confederation - Canada was born here

In 1864, a small group of elected officials gathered in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. They were meeting to discuss the possibility of uniting three Maritime jurisdictions. Representatives also appeared at the conference to raise a broader issue and sow the seed of a concept to establish a larger union and create a country. This historic event of 1864 led to the founding of Canada.

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Arts & Heritage Trail

Your guide to distinctive Island cultural destinations and experiences

As you explore the Island’s regions, look for the Arts & Heritage Trail Quilt Boards and QR codes to identify and learn about our best cultural attractions: heritage buildings, hands-on experiences, cultural festivals, industrial heritage, ecology, theatre, music, art galleries, craft shops, artisan studios and more.