History & Culture of Prince Edward Island
The history of Prince Edward Island is like a rope made of intertwined strands. Each strand can be traced back to its roots: Indigenous, French, English, Black, Acadian, Irish, Scottish, Lebanese and more. Today, the Island’s culture remains rich and increasingly diverse, and just like the tides, the Island’s story is ever-changing.
Birthplace of Confederation - Canada was born here
In 1864, a small group of elected officials gathered in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. They were meeting to discuss the possibility of uniting three Maritime jurisdictions. Representatives also appeared at the conference to raise a broader issue and sow the seed of a concept to establish a larger union and create a country. This historic event of 1864 led to the founding of Canada.
Discover the Island’s Acadian history
In Prince Edward Island, many Acadians are descendants of the first French settlers who came to this area when it was known as Île Saint-Jean.
Arts & Heritage Trail
Your guide to distinctive Island cultural destinations and experiences
As you explore the Island’s regions, look for the Arts & Heritage Trail Quilt Boards and QR codes to identify and learn about our best cultural attractions: heritage buildings, hands-on experiences, cultural festivals, industrial heritage, ecology, theatre, music, art galleries, craft shops, artisan studios and more.